Martin A. Nowak


Selected Publications

All Publications:


1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    1989

  1. Nowak M, P Schuster (1989). Error thresholds of replication in finite populations. Mutation frequencies and the onset of Muller's ratchet. J theor Biol 137 (4): 375-395. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(89)80036-0 PDF
  2. Nowak M, K Sigmund (1989). Game-dynamical aspects of the prisoner's dilemma. Appl Math Comp 30 (3): 191-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0096-3003(89)90052-0 PDF
  3. Nowak M, K Sigmund (1989). Oscillations in the evolution of reciprocity. J theor Biol 137 (1): 21-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(89)80146-8 PDF
  4. 1990

  5. Nowak M (1990). An evolutionarily stable strategy may be inaccessible. J theor Biol 142 (2): 237-241. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80224-3 PDF
  6. Nowak M (1990). HIV mutation rate. Nature 347 (6293): 522. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/347522a0 PDF
  7. Nowak M (1990). Stochastic strategies in the prisoner's dilemma. Theor Popul Biol 38 (1): 93-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0040-5809(90)90005-G PDF
  8. Nowak MA, RM May, RM Anderson (1990). The evolutionary dynamics of HIV quasispecies and the development of immunodeficiency disease. AIDS 4 (11): 1095-1103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00002030-199011000-00007 PDF
  9. Nowak M, K Sigmund (1990). The evolution of stochastic strategies in the prisoner's dilemma. Acta Appl Math 20 (3): 247-265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00049570 PDF
  10. 1991

  11. Kwiatkowski D, M Nowak (1991). Periodic and chaotic host-parasite interactions in human malaria. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88 (12): 5111-5113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.88.12.5111 PDF
  12. Magurran AE, MA Nowak (1991). Another battle of the sexes: The consequences of sexual asymmetry in mating costs and predation risk in the guppy, Poecilia reticulata. Proc R Soc B 246 (1315): 31-38. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1991.0121 PDF
  13. Nowak M (1991). The evolution of viruses. Competition between horizontal and vertical transmission of mobile genes. J theor Biol 150 (3): 339-347. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80433-3 PDF
  14. Nowak MA, RM Anderson, A R McLean, T Wolfs, J Goudsmit, RM May (1991). Antigenic diversity thresholds and the development of AIDS. Science 254: 963-369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1683006 PDF
  15. Nowak MA, RM May (1991). Mathematical biology of HIV infections: antigenic variation and diversity threshold. Math Biosci 106: 1-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0025-5564(91)90037-J PDF
  16. Nowak MA, AR McLean (1991). A mathematical model of vaccination against HIV to prevent development of AIDS. Proc R Soc B 246: 141-146. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1991.0136 PDF
  17. 1992

  18. McLean AR, MA Nowak (1992). Competition between zidovudine sensitive and resistant strains of HIV. AIDS 6: 71-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00002030-199201000-00009 PDF
  19. McLean AR, MA Nowak (1992). Models of interactions between HIV and other pathogens. J theor Biol 155: 69-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80549-1 PDF
  20. Nowak MA (1992). Variability in HIV infections. J theor Biol 155: 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80545-4 PDF
  21. Nowak MA (1992). What is a quasispecies? Trends Ecol Evol 7: 118-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0169-5347(92)90145-2 PDF
  22. Nowak MA, RM May (1992). Coexistence and competition in HIV infections. J theor Biol 159: 329-342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80728-3 PDF
  23. Nowak MA, RM May (1992). Evolutionary games and spatial chaos. Nature 359: 826-829. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/359826a0 PDF
  24. Nowak MA , K Sigmund (1992). Tit for tat in heterogeneous populations. Nature 355: 250-253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/355250a0 PDF
  25. Nowak MA, K Tarczy-Hornoch, JM Austyn (1992). The optimal number of major histocompatibility complex molecules in an individual. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 10896-10899. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.89.22.10896 PDF
  26. Payne RJH, MA Nowak, BS Blumberg (1992). Analysis of a cellular model to account for the natural history of infection by the hepatitis B virus and its role in the development of primary hepatocellular carcinoma. J theor Biol 159: 215-240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(05)80703-9 PDF
  27. Sheratt JA, MA Nowak (1992). Oncogenes, anti-oncogenes and the immune response to cancer: A mathematical model. Proc R Soc B 248: 261-271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1992.0071 PDF
  28. 1993

  29. Nowak MA, RM May (1993). AIDS pathogenesis: Mathematical models of HIV and SIV infections. AIDS 7: S3-S18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00002030-199201001-00002 PDF
  30. Nowak MA, RM May (1993). The spatial dilemmas of evolution. Int J Bifurcat Chaos 3: 35-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218127493000040 PDF
  31. Nowak MA, AR McLean (1993). Mathematical models for the pathogenesis of AIDS. In Mathematics Applied to Biology and Medicine, eds. J Demongeot, V Capasso. Winnepeg: Wuerz, 275-284.
  32. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1993). A strategy of win-stay, lose-shift that outperforms tit-for-tat in Prisoner's Dilemma. Nature 364: 56-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/364056a0 PDF
  33. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1993). Chaos and the evolution of cooperation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90: 5091-5094. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.90.11.5091 PDF
  34. 1994

  35. Berry RM, MA Nowak (1994). Defective escape mutants of HIV. J theor Biol 171: 387-395. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1994.1242 PDF
  36. Bonhoeffer S, MA Nowak (1994). Intra-host versus inter-host selection: Viral strategies of immune function impairment. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91: 8062-8066. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.91.17.8062 PDF
  37. Bonhoeffer S, MA Nowak (1994). Mutation and the evolution of virulence. Proc R Soc B 258: 133-140. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1994.0153 PDF
  38. May RM, MA Nowak (1994). Superinfection, metapopulation dynamics, and the evolution of diversity. J theor Biol 170: 95-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1994.1171 PDF
  39. Moxon ER, PB Rainey, MA Nowak, RE Lenski (1994). Adaptive evolution of highly mutable loci in pathogenic bacteria. Curr Biol 4: 24-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(00)00005-1 PDF
  40. Nowak MA (1994). The evolutionary dynamics of HIV infections. In First European Congress of Mathematics, Vol II, eds. A Joseph, F Mignot, F Murat, B Prum, R Rentschler. Basel: Birkhauser, 311-326.
  41. Nowak MA, S Bonhoeffer, RM May (1994). More spatial games. Int J Bifurcat Chaos 4: 33-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218127494000046 PDF
  42. Nowak MA, S Bonhoeffer, RM May (1994). Spatial games and the maintenance of cooperation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91: 4877-4881. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.91.11.4877 PDF
  43. Nowak MA, RM May (1994). Superinfection and the evolution of parasite virulence. Proc R Soc B 255: 81-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1994.0012 PDF
  44. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1994). The alternating prisoner's dilemma. J theor Biol 168: 219-226.http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1994.1101 PDF
  45. Payne RJH, MA Nowak, BS Blumberg (1994). A cellular model to explain the pathogenesis of infection by the hepatitis B virus. Math Biosci 123: 25-58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0025-5564(94)90017-5 PDF
  46. Tilman D, RM May, CL Lehman, MA Nowak (1994). Habitat destruction and the extinction debt. Nature 371: 65-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/371065a0 PDF
  47. 1995

  48. Bonhoeffer S, EC Holmes, MA Nowak (1995). Causes of HIV diversity. Nature 376: 125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/376125a0 PDF
  49. Bonhoeffer S, EC Holmes, MA Nowak (1995). Varying selection pressure in HIV-1 infection. J Acq Immun Def Synd 10: 85.
  50. Bonhoeffer S, MA Nowak (1995). Can live attenuated virus work as post-exposure treatment? Immunol Today 16: 131-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-5699(95)80129-4 PDF
  51. Lipsitch M, EA Herre, MA Nowak (1995). Host population structure and the evolution of virulence: A "law of diminishing returns". Evolution 49: 743-748. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2410327 PDF
  52. Lipsitch M, MA Nowak (1995). The evolution of virulence in sexually transmitted HIV/AIDS. J theor Biol 174: 427-440. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1995.0109 PDF
  53. Lipsitch M, MA Nowak, D Ebert, RM May (1995). The population dynamics of vertically and horizontally transmitted parasites. Proc R Soc B 260: 321-327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1995.0099 PDF
  54. May RM, S Bonhoeffer, MA Nowak (1995). Spatial games and evolution of cooperation. In Advances in Artificial Life, eds. F Moran, A Moreno, J J Merelo, P Chacon. Berlin: Springer, 749-759.
  55. May RM, MA Nowak (1995). Coinfection and the evolution of parasite virulence. Proc R Soc B 261: 209-215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1995.0138 PDF
  56. McMichael AJ, S Rowland-Jones, P Klenerman, et al (1995). Epitope variation and T-cell recognition. J Cell Biochem Suppl S21A: 60.
  57. Nowak MA (1995). AIDS pathogenesis: From models to viral dynamics in patients. J Acq Immun Def Syn 10: S1-S5.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00042560-199510001-00002 PDF
  58. Nowak M (1995). Evolutionary dynamics of HIV infections. In Models for Infectious Human Diseases, eds.V Isham, G Medley. Cambridge University Press.
  59. Nowak MA, S Bonhoeffer, C Loveday, P Balfe, M Semple, S Kaye, M Tenant-Flowers, R Tedder (1995). HIV results in the frame: Results confirmed. Nature 375: 193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/375193a0 PDF
  60. Nowak MA, RM May, RE Phillips, S Rowland-Jones, DG Lalloo, S McAdam, P Klenerman, B Köppe, K Sigmund, CRM Bangham, AJ McMichael (1995). Antigenic oscillations and shifting immunodominance in HIV-1 infections. Nature 375: 606-611. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/375606a0 PDF
  61. Nowak MA, RM May, K Sigmund (1995). Immune responses against multiple epitopes. J theor Biol 175: 325-353.http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1995.0146 PDF
  62. Nowak MA, RM May, K Sigmund (1995). The arithmetics of mutual help. Sci Am 272: 76-81. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0695-76 PDF
  63. Nowak MA, AJ McMichael (1995). How HIV defeats the immune system. Sci Am 273: 58-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0895-58 PDF
  64. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1995). Invasion dynamics of the finitely repeated prisoner's dilemma. Game Econ Behav 11: 364-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/game.1995.1055 PDF
  65. Nowak M, K Sigmund, E El-Sedy (1995). Automata, repeated games and noise. J Math Biol 33: 703-722. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00184645 PDF
  66. Wei X, SK Ghosh, ME Taylor, VA Johnson, EA Emini, P Deutsch, JD Lifson, S Bonhoeffer, MA Nowak, BH Hahn, MS Saag, GM Shaw (1995). Viral dynamics in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. Nature 373: 117-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/373117a0 PDF
  67. 1996

  68. Antia R, MA Nowak, RM Anderson (1996). Antigenic variation and the within-host dynamics of parasites. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 985-989. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.3.985 PDF
  69. Boerlijst MC, S Bonhoeffer, MA Nowak (1996). Viral quasi-species and recombination. Proc R Soc B 263: 1577-1584. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1996.0231 PDF
  70. Bonhoeffer S, AVM Herz, MC Boerlijst, S Nee, MA Nowak, RM May (1996). Explaining "linguistic features" of noncoding DNA. Science 271: 14-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.271.5245.14b PDF
  71. Bonhoeffer S, AVM Herz, MC Boerlijst, MA Nowak, RM May (1996). No signs of hidden language in noncoding DNA. Phys Rev Lett 76: 1977.http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.76.1977 PDF
  72. Herz AVM, S Bonhoeffer, RM Anderson, RM May, MA Nowak (1996). Viral dynamics in vivo: Limitations on estimates of intracellular delay and virus decay. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 7247-7251. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.14.7247 PDF
  73. Klenerman P, RE Phillips, CR Rinaldo, LM Wahl, RM May, AJ McMichael, MA Nowak (1996). Cytotoxic T lymphocytes and viral turnover in HIV type 1 infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 15323-15328. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.26.15323 PDF
  74. Lipsitch M, S Siller, MA Nowak (1996). The evolution of virulence in pathogens with vertical and horizontal transmission. Evolution 50: 1729-1741. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2410731 PDF
  75. McMichael AJ, P Goulder, S Rowland-Jones, MA Nowak, R Philips (1996). HIV escapes from cytotoxic lymphocytes. Immunology 89: 111. PDF
  76. Nowak MA (1996). Immune responses against multiple epitopes: A theory for immunodominance and antigenic variation. Semin Virol 7: 83-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/smvy.1996.0010 PDF
  77. Nowak MA, RM Anderson, MC Boerlijst, S Bonhoeffer, RM May, AJ McMichael (1996). HIV-1 evolution and disease progression. Science 274: 1008-1011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.274.5289.1008 PDF
  78. Nowak MA, CRM Bangham (1996). Population dynamics of immune responses to persistent viruses. Science 272: 74-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.272.5258.74 PDF
  79. Nowak MA, S Bonhoeffer, AM Hill, R Boehme, HC Thomas, H McDade (1996). Viral dynamics in hepatitis B virus infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 4398-4402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.9.4398 PDF
  80. Nowak MA, S Bonhoeffer, RM May (1996). Reply to Robustness of cooperation, A Mukherji, V Rajan, J Slagle. Nature 379: 126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/379126a0 PDF
  81. Payne RJH, MA Nowak, B Blumberg (1996). The dynamics of hepatitis B virus infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 93: 6542-6546. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.13.6542 PDF
  82. Stekel DJ, MA Nowak, TRE Southwood (1996). Prediction of future BSE spread. Nature 381: 119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/381119a0 PDF
  83. Tilman D, C Lehman, R May, M Nowak (1996). Reply to Species fragmentation or area loss? S Budiansky. Nature 382: 216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/382216a0 PDF
  84. 1997

  85. Bittner B, S Bonhoeffer, MA Nowak (1997). Virus load and antigenic diversity. B Math Biol 59: 881-896. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0092-8240(97)00034-7 PDF
  86. Boerlijst MC, MA Nowak, K Sigmund (1997). Equal pay for all prisoners. Am Math Mon 104: 303-305. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2974578 PDF
  87. Boerlijst MC, MA Nowak, K Sigmund (1997). The logic of contrition. J theor Biol 185: 281-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1996.0326 PDF
  88. Bonhoeffer S, J Coffin, MA Nowak (1997). Human immunodeficiency virus drug therapy and virus load. J Virol 71(4): 3275-3278. PDF
  89. Bonhoeffer S, RM May, GM Shaw, MA Nowak (1997). Virus dynamics and drug therapy. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94: 6971-6976. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.94.13.6971 PDF
  90. Bonhoeffer S, MA Nowak (1997). Pre-existence and emergence of drug resistance in HIV-1 infection. Proc R Soc B 264: 631-637. PDF
  91. Chun T-W, Stuyver L, Mizell S B, Ehler L A, Mican J A M, Baseler M, Lloyd A L, Nowak M A, Fauci A S (1997). Presence of an inducible HIV-1 latent reservoir during highly active antiretroviral therapy. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94: 13193-13197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.94.24.13193 PDF
  92. Cooke J, MA Nowak, MC Boerlijst, J Maynard Smith (1997). Evolutionary origins and maintenance of redundant gene expression during metazoan development. Trends Genet 13: 360-364. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-9525(97)01233-X PDF
  93. Goulder PJR, RE Phillips, RA Colbert, S McAdam, G Ogg, MA Nowak, P Giangrande, G Luzzi, B Morgan, A Edwards, AJ McMichael, S Rowland-Jones (1997). Late escape from an immunodominant cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response associated with progression to AIDS. Nat Med 3: 212-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm0297-212 PDF
  94. Goulder P, D Price, M Nowak, S Rowland-Jones, R Phillips, and A McMichael (1997). Co-evolution of human immunodeficiency virus and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte responses. Immunol Rev 159: 17-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-065X.1997.tb01004.x PDF
  95. Lifson JD, MA Nowak, S Goldstein, JL Rossio, A Kinter, G Vasquez, TA Wiltrout, C Brown, D Schneider, L Wahl, AL Lloyd, J Williams, WR Elkins, AS Fauci, VM Hirsch (1997). The extent of early viral replication is a critical determinant of the natural history of simian immunodeficiency virus infection. J Virol 71: 9508-9514. PDF
  96. May RM, DJ Stekel, MA Nowak (1997). Antigenic diversity thresholds and hazard functions. Math Biosci 139: 59-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-5564(96)00141-1 PDF
  97. Nowak MA, MC Boerlijst, J Cooke, J Maynard Smith (1997). Evolution of genetic redundancy. Nature 388: 167-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/40618 PDF
  98. Nowak MA, S Bonhoeffer, GM Shaw, RM May (1997). Anti-viral drug treatment: Dynamics of resistance in free virus and infected cell populations. J theor Biol 184: 203-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1996.0307 PDF
  99. Nowak MA, AL Lloyd, G Vasquez, TA Wiltrout, LM Wahl, N Bischofsberger, J Williams, A Kinter, AS Fauci, VM Hirsch, JD Lifson (1997). Viral dynamics of primary viremia and antiretroviral therapy in simian immunodeficiency virus infection. J Virol 71: 7518-7525. http://jvi.asm.org/content/71/10/7518 PDF
  100. Sigmund K, MA Nowak (1997). The natural history of mutual aid: An eye for an eye, and a meal for a meal. In Wissenschaft als Kultur, ed. F Stadler. New York: Springer Verlag, 259-272.
  101. Stekel D, C Parker, MA Nowak (1997). A model of lymphocyte recirculation. Immunol Today 18: 216-221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5699(97)01036-0 PDF
  102. Wein LM, SA Zenios, MA Nowak (1997). Dynamic multidrug therapies for HIV: A control theoretic approach. J theor Biol 185: 15-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1996.0253 PDF
  103. 1998

  104. Goh WC, ME Rogel, CM Kinsey, SF Michael, PN Fultz, MA Nowak, BH Hahn, M Emerman (1998). HIV-1 Vpr increases viral expression by manipulation of the cell cycle: A mechanism for selection of Vpr in vivo. Nat Med 4: 65-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm0198-065 PDF
  105. Kilby JM, S Hopkins, T Venetta, B DiMassimo, GA Cloud, JY Lee, L Alldredge, E Hunter, D Lambert, D Bolognesi, T Matthews, L Carder, MR Johnson, MA Nowak, GM Shaw, MS Saag (1998). Potent suppression of HIV-1 replication in humans by T-20, a peptide inhibitor of gp-41 mediated virus entry. Nat Med 4: 1302-1307. http://dx.doi.org/101038/3293 PDF
  106. Levin BR, R Antia, E Berliner, P Bloland, S Bonhoeffer, M Cohen, T DeRouin, PI Fields, H Jafari, D Jernigan, M Lipsitch, JE McGowan, P Mead, M Nowak, T Porco, P Sykora, L Simmonsen, J Spitznagel, R Tauxe, F Tenover (1998). Resistance to antimicrobial chemotherapy: A prescription for research and action. Am J Med Sci 315: 87-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00000441-199802000-00004 PDF
  107. Nowak MA, DC Krakauer, A Klug, RM May (1998). Prion infection dynamics. Integr Biol 1: 3-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-6602(1998)1:1<3::AID-INBI2>3.3.CO;2-0 PDF
  108. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1998). Darwins dynamik. DMV-Mitteilungen 4: 37-44. PDF
  109. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1998). Evolution of indirect reciprocity by image scoring. Nature 393: 573-577.http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/31225 PDF
  110. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1998). The dynamics of indirect reciprocity. J theor Biol 194: 561-574. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1998.0775 PDF
  111. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1998). What two legs can learn from four legs. Book review of Foundations of Social Evolution, SA Frank; Cooperation Among Animals, AL Dugatkin. Nature 395: 760-761. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/27368 PDF
  112. Ogg GS, X Jin, S Bonhoeffer, PR Dunbar, MA Nowak, S Monard, J Segal, Y Cao, SL Rowland-Jones, V Cerundolo, A Hurley, M Markowitz, DD Ho, DF Nixon, AJ McMichael (1998). Quantitation of HIV-1 specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes and plasma load of viral RNA. Science 279: 2103-2106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.279.5359.2103 PDF
  113. Ostrowski MA, DC Krakauer, Y Li, SJ Justement, G Learn, LA Ehler, SK Stanley, MA Nowak, AS Fauci (1998). Effect of immune activation on the dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus replication and on the distribution of viral quasispecies. J Virol 72: 7772-7784. PDF
  114. Regoes RR, D Wodarz, MA Nowak (1998). Virus dynamics: The effect of target cell limitation and immune responses on virus evolution. J theor Biol 191: 451-462. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1997.0617 PDF
  115. Ribeiro RM, S Bonhoeffer, MA Nowak (1998). The frequency of resistant mutant virus before antiviral therapy. AIDS 12: 461-465. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00002030-199805000-00006 PDF
  116. Sigmund K, M Boerlijst, MA Nowak (1998). Automata and inner states for repeated games. In Game Theory, Experience, Rationality, eds. W Leinfeller, E Koehler. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 131-139.
  117. Sigmund K, MA Nowak (1998). Cyber-sociology. Book review of The Complexity of Cooperation: Agent-Based Models of Competition and Collaboration, R Axelrod. Nature 392: 457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/33069 PDF
  118. Wodarz D, P Klenerman, MA Nowak (1998). Dynamics of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte exhaustion. Proc R Soc B 265: 191-203 http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1998.0282 . PDF
  119. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (1998). Mathematical models of virus dynamics and resistance. J HIV Ther 3: 36-41. PDF
  120. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (1998). The effect of different immune responses on the evolution of virulent CXCR4-tropic HIV. Proc R Soc B 265: 2149-2158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1998.0552 PDF
  121. 1999

  122. Arnaout RA, AL Lloyd, TR O'Brien, JJ Goedert, JM Leonard, MA Nowak (1999). A simple relationship between viral load and survival time in HIV-1 infection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 11549-11553. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.20.11549 PDF
  123. Bangham CRM, SE Hall, KJM Jeffery, AM Vine, A Witkover, MA Nowak, D Wodarz, K Ususku, M Osame (1999). Genetic control and dynamics of the cellular immune response to the human T-cell leukaemia virus, HTLV-I. Phil Trans R Soc B 354: 691-700. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1999.0422 PDF
  124. Callaway DS, RM Ribeiro, MA Nowak (1999). Virus phenotype switching and disease progression in HIV-1 infection. Proc R Soc B 266: 2523-2530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1999.0955 PDF
  125. Hockett RD, JM Kilby, CA Derdeyn, MS Saag, M Sillers, K Squires, S Chiz, MA Nowak, GM Shaw, RP Bucy (1999). Constant mean viral copy number per infected cell in tissues regardless of high, low, or undetectable plasma HIV RNA. J Exp Med 189: 1545-1554. http://dx.doi.org/10.1084/jem.189.10.1545 PDF
  126. Jefferey KJM, K Usuku, SE Hall, W Matsumoto, GP Taylor, J Proctor, M Bunce, GS Ogg, KI Welsh, JN Weber, AL Lloyd, MA Nowak, M Nagai, D Kodama, S Izumo, M Osame, CRM Bangham (1999). HLA alleles determine human T-lymphotropic virus-I (HTLV-I) proviral load and the risk of HTLV-1-associated myelopathy. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 3848-3853. PDF
  127. Krakauer DC, MA Nowak (1999). Evolutionary preservation of redundant duplicated genes. Semin Cell Dev Biol 10: 555-559. http://dx.doi.org.ezp-prod1.hul.harvard.edu/10.1006/scdb.1999.0337 PDF
  128. Krakauer DC, MA Nowak (1999). T-cell induced pathogenesis in HIV: Bystander effects and latent infection. Proc R Soc B 266: 1069-1075. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1999.0745 PDF
  129. Masel J, VAA Jansen, MA Nowak (1999). Quantifying the kinetic parameters of prion replication. Biophys Chem 77: 139-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0301-4622(99)00016-2 PDF
  130. Nowak MA (1999). The mathematical biology of human infections. Conserv Ecol 3: 12. (online version)
  131. Nowak MA, DC Krakauer (1999). The evolution of language. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 8028-8033. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.96.14.8028 PDF
  132. Nowak MA, DC Krakauer, A Dress (1999). An error limit for the evolution of language. Proc R Soc B 266: 2131-2136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1999.0898 PDF
  133. Nowak MA, J Plotkin, D Krakauer (1999). The evolutionary language game. J theor Biol 200: 147-162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1999.0981 PDF
  134. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1999). Aux racines de la coopération. Recherche 325: 38-39. PDF
  135. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (1999). Phage-lift for game theory. Nature 398: 367-368. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/18761 PDF
  136. Ogg GS, X Jin, S Bonhoeffer, P Moss, MA Nowak, S Monard, JP Segal, Y Cao, SL Rowland-Jones, A Hurley, M Markowitz, DD Ho, AJ McMichael, DF Nixon (1999). Decay kinetics of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-specific effector cytotoxic T lymphocytes after combination antiretroviral therapy. J Virol 73: 797-800. PDF
  137. Sigmund K, MA Nowak (1999). Evolutionary game theory. Curr Biol 9: R503-R505. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(99)80321-2 PDF
  138. Taylor GP, SE Hall, S Navarette, CA Michie, R Davis, AD Witkover, M Rossor, MA Nowak, P Rudge, E Matutes, CRM Bangham, JN Weber (1999). Effect of lamivudine on human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1)  DNA copy number, T-cell phenotype, and anti-Tax cytotoxic T-cell frequency in patients with HTLV-1-associated myelopathy. J Virol 73: 10289-10295. PDF
  139. Wahl LM, MA Nowak (1999). The continuous prisoner's dilemma: I. Linear reactive strategies. J theor Biol 200: 307-321. PDF
  140. Wahl LM, MA Nowak (1999). The continuous prisoner's dilemma: II. Linear reactive strategies with noise. J theor Biol 200: 323-338. PDF
  141. Wodarz D, AL Lloyd, VAA Jansen, MA Nowak (1999). Dynamics of macrophage and T cell infection by HIV. J theor Biol 196: 101-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.1998.0816 PDF
  142. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (1999). Dynamics of HIV pathogenesis and treatment. In Origin and Evolution of Viruses, eds. E Domingo, R Webster, J Holland. London: Academic Press, 197-223.
  143. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (1999). Dynamics of immune escape in HIV infection. Wien Klin Wochenschr 111: 419-427. PDF
  144. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (1999). Evolutionary dynamics of HIV-1 induced subversion of the immune response. Immunol Rev 168: 75-89. PDF
  145. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (1999). Specific therapy regimes could lead to long-term immunological control of HIV. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 14464-14469. PDF
  146. Wodarz D, MA Nowak, CRM Bangham (1999). The dynamics of HTLV-I and the CTL response. Immunol Today 20: 220-227. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5699(99)01446-2 PDF
  147. 2000

  148. Arnaout R, MA Nowak (2000). Competitive coexistence in antiviral immunity. J theor Biol 204: 431-441. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2000.2027 PDF
  149. Arnaout R, MA Nowak, D Wodarz (2000). HIV-1 dynamics revisited: Biphasic decay by cytotoxic T lymphocyte killing? Proc R Soc B 267: 1347-1354. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1149 PDF
  150. Barchet W, S Oehen, P Klenerman, D Wodarz, GA Bocharov, AL Lloyd, MA Nowak, H Hengartner, RM Zinkernagel, S Ehl (2000). Direct quantitation of rapid elimination of viral antigen-positive lymphocytes by antiviral CD8+ T cells in vivo. Eur J Immunol 30: 1356-1363. PDF
  151. Krakauer DC, MA Nowak (2000). Book review of Fragile Dominion: Complexity and the Commons, S Levin. Not Am Math Soc 47: 564-568. PDF
  152. Lifson JD, JL Rossio, R Arnaout, L Li, TL Parks, DM Schneider, RF Kiser, VJ Coalter, G Walsh,RJ Imming, B Fisher, BM Flynn, N Bischofsberger, M Piatak, VM Hirsch, MA Nowak, D Wodarz D (2000). Containment of simian immunodeficiency virus infection: Cellular immune responses and protection from rechallenge following transient post-inoculation antiretroviral treatment. J Virol 74: 2584-2593. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.74.6.2584-2593.2000 PDF
  153. Nowak MA (2000). Evolutionary biology of language. Phil Trans R Soc B 355: 1615-1622. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2000.0723 PDF
  154. Nowak MA (2000). Homo grammaticus. Nat Hist 109: 36-44. PDF
  155. Nowak MA (2000). The basic reproductive ratio of a word, the maximum size of a lexicon. J theor Biol 204: 179-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2000.1085 PDF
  156. Nowak MA, RM May (2000). Virus Dynamics. Oxford University Press. ISBN: 9780198504177.
  157. Nowak MA, KM Page, K Sigmund (2000). Fairness versus reason in the ultimatum game. Science 289: 1773-1775. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.289.5485.1773 PDF
  158. Nowak MA, JB Plotkin, VAA Jansen (2000). The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 404: 495-498. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35006635 PDF
  159. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2000). Cooperation versus competition. Financ Anal J 56: 13-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.2469/faj.v56.n4.2370 PDF
  160. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2000). Games on grids. In The Geometry of Ecological Interactions, eds. U Dieckmann, R Law, JAJ Metz. Cambridge University Press, 135-150. PDF
  161. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2000). Shrewd investments. Science 288 (5467): 819-820. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.288.5467.819 PDF
  162. Page KM, MA Nowak (2000). A generalized adaptive dynamics framework can explain the evolutionary ultimatum game. J theor Biol 209: 173-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2000.2251 PDF
  163. Page KM, MA Nowak, K Sigmund (2000). The spatial ultimatum game. Proc R Soc B 267: 2177-2182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1266" PDF
  164. Plotkin JB, MA Nowak (2000). Language evolution and information theory. J theor Biol 205: 147-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2000.2053 PDF
  165. Plotkin JB, MD Potts, DW Yu, S Bunyavejchewin, R Condit, R Foster, S Hubbell, J LaFrankie, N Manokaran, L Hua Seng, R Sukumar, MA Nowak, PS Ashton (2000). Predicting species diversity in tropical forests. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 10850-10854. http:// 10.1073/pnas.97.20.10850 PDF
  166. Regoes RR, MA Nowak, S Bonhoeffer (2000). Evolution of virulence in a heterogeneous host population. Evolution 54: 64-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1554/0014-3820(2000)054[0064:EOVIAH]2.0.CO;2 PDF
  167. Sigmund K, MA Nowak (2000). A tale of two selves. Science 290: 949-950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.290.5493.949 PDF
  168. Sigmund K, MA Nowak (2000). Playing for keeps. Book review of Game Theory Evolving: A Problem-Centered Introduction to Modeling Strategic Interaction, H Gintis. Science 290: 281. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.290.5490.281 PDF
  169. Trapa PE, MA Nowak (2000). Nash equilibria for an evolutionary language game. J Math Biol 41: 172-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002850070004 PDF
  170. Wahl LM, B Bittner, MA Nowak (2000). Immunological transitions in response to antigenic mutation during viral infection. Int Immunol 12: 1371-1380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intimm/12.10.1371 PDF
  171. Wahl LM, MA Nowak (2000). Adherence and drug resistance: Predictions for therapy outcome. Proc R Soc B 267: 835-843. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1079 PDF
  172. Wodarz D, R Arnaout, MA Nowak, Lifson JD (2000). Transient antiretroviral treatment during acute simian immundeficiency virus infection facilitates long-term control of the virus. Phil Trans R Soc B 355: 1021-1029. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2000.0639 PDF
  173. Wodarz D, RM May, MA Nowak (2000). The role of antigen-independent persistence of memory cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Int Immunol 12: 467-477. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intimm/12.4.467 PDF
  174. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (2000). CD8 memory, immunodominance and antigenic escape. Eur J Immunol 30: 2704-2712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1521-4141(200009)30:9<2704::AID-IMMU2704>3.0.CO;2-0 PDF
  175. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (2000). Correlates of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-mediated virus control: Implications for immuno-suppressive infections and their treatment. Phil Trans R Soc B 355: 1059-1070. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2000.0643 PDF
  176. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (2000). HIV therapy: Managing resistance. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 8193-8195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.97.15.8193 PDF
  177. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (2000). Immune responses and viral phenotype: Do replication rate and cytopathogenicity influence virus load? J Theor Med 2: 113-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10273660008833041 PDF
  178. Wodarz D, KM Page, RA Arnaout, AR Thomson, JD Lifson, MA Nowak (2000). A new theory of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte memory: Implications for HIV treatment. Phil Trans R Soc B 355: 329-343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2000.0570 PDF
  179. 2001

  180. Komarova NL, P Niyogi, MA Nowak (2001). The evolutionary dynamics of grammar acquisition. J theor Biol 209: 43-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2000.2240 PDF
  181. Komarova NL, MA Nowak (2001). Natural selection of the critical period for language acquisition. Proc R Soc B 268: 1189-1196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2001.1629 PDF
  182. Komarova NL, MA Nowak (2001). Evolutionary dynamics of the lexical matrix. B Math Biol 63: 451-484. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/bulm.2000.0222 PDF
  183. Krakauer DC, MA Nowak (2001). Genetic redundancy. In Encyclopedia of Genetics, eds. S Brenner, J Miller. London: Academic Press, 845-846.
  184. Lifson JD, JL Rossio, M Piatak, T Parks, L Li, R Kiser, V Coalter, B Fisher, BM Flynn, VM Hirsch, RE Means, S Czajak, KA Reimann, JE Schmitz, J Ghrayeb, N Bischofsberger, MA Nowak, RC Desrosiers, D Wodarz (2001). Role of CD8+ lymphocytes in control of simian immunodeficiency virus infection and resistance to rechallenge after transient early antiretroviral treatment. J Virol 75: 10187-10199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.75.21.10187-10199.2001 PDF
  185. Nowak MA, NL Komarova (2001). Towards an evolutionary theory of language. Trends Cogn Sci 5: 288-295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6613(00)01683-1 PDF
  186. Nowak MA, NL Komarova, P Niyogi (2001). Evolution of universal grammar. Science 291: 114-118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.291.5501.114 PDF
  187. Plotkin JB, MA Nowak (2001). Major transitions in language evolution. Entropy 3: 227-246. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/e3040227 PDF
  188. Sigmund K, C Hauert, MA Nowak (2001). Reward and punishment. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98: 10757-10762. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.161155698 PDF
  189. Sigmund K, MA Nowak (2001). Tides of tolerence. Nature 414: 403-405. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35106672 PDF
  190. Wodarz D, SE Hall, K Usuku, M Osame, GS Ogg, AJ McMichael, MA Nowak, CRM Bangham (2001). Cytotoxic T-cell abundance and virus load in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and human T-cell leukaemia virus type 1. Proc R Soc B 268: 1215-1221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2001.1608 PDF
  191. 2002

  192. Belz GT, D Wodarz, G Diaz, MA Nowak, PC Doherty (2002). Compromised influenza virus-specific CD8+-T-cell memory in CD4+-T-cell-deficient mice. J Virol 76: 12388-12393. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.76.23.12388-12393.2002 PDF
  193. Komarova NL, C Lengauer, B Vogelstein, MA Nowak (2002). Dynamics of genetic instability in sporadic and familial colorectal cancer. Cancer Biol Ther 1: 685-692. http://www.dx.doi.org/10.4161/cbt.321 PDF
  194. Komarova NL, MA Nowak (2002). Population dynamics of grammar acquisition. In Simulating the Evolution of Language, eds. A Cangelosi, D Parisi. London: Springer Verlag, 149-163.
  195. Michor F, MA Nowak (2002). Evolution: The good, the bad and the lonely. Nature 419: 677-679. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/419677a PDF
  196. Michor F, MA Nowak (2002). Immunology tomorrow. Book review of Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease, SA Frank. Nature 420: 741-742. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/420741b PDF
  197. Nowak MA (2002). From quasispecies to universal grammar. Z Phys Chem 216: 5-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1524/zpch.2002.216.1.005 PDF
  198. Nowak MA, NL Komarova, P Niyogi (2002). Computational and evolutionary aspects of language. Nature 417: 611-617. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature00771 PDF
  199. Nowak MA, NL Komarova, A Sengupta, PF Jallepalli, IM Shih, B Vogelstein, C Lengauer (2002). The role of chromosomal instability in tumor initiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 16226-16231. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.202617399 PDF
  200. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2002). Biodiversity: Bacterial game dynamics. Nature 418: 138-139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/418138a PDF
  201. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2002). Super- and coinfection: The two extremes. In Adaptive Dynamics of Infectious Diseases: In Pursuit of Virulence Management, eds. U Dieckmann, JAJ Metz, M Sabelis, K Sigmund. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 124-138. PDF
  202. Page KM, MA Nowak (2002). Empathy leads to fairness. B Math Biol 64: 1101-1116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/bulm.2002.0321 PDF
  203. Page KM, MA Nowak (2002). Unifying evolutionary dynamics. J theor Biol 219: 93-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2002.3112 PDF
  204. Plotkin JB, MA Nowak (2002). The different effects of apoptosis and DNA repair on tumorigenesis. J theor Biol 214: 453-467. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2001.2471 PDF
  205. Sigmund K, E Fehr, MA Nowak (2002). The economics of fair play. Sci Am 286: 82-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0102-82 PDF
  206. Wodarz D, MA Nowak (2002). Mathematical models of HIV pathogenesis and treatment. Bioessays 24: 1178-1187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bies.10196 PDF
  207. 2003

  208. Frank SA, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak (2003). Patterns of cell division and the risk of cancer. Genetics 163: 1527-1532. PDF
  209. Frank SA, MA Nowak (2003). Developmental predisposition to cancer. Nature 422: 494. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/422494a PDF
  210. Iwasa Y, F Michor, Nowak MA (2003). Evolutionary dynamics of escape from biomedical intervention. Proc R Soc B 270: 2573-2578. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2003.2539 PDF
  211. Komarova NL, MA Nowak (2003). Language dynamics in finite populations. J theor Biol 221: 445-457. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2003.3199 PDF
  212. Komarova NL, MA Nowak (2003). Language, learning and evolution. In Language Evolution, eds. MH Christiansen, S Kirby. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 317-337.
  213. Komarova NL, A Sengupta, MA Nowak (2003). Mutation-selection networks of cancer initiation: Tumor suppressor genes and chromosomal instability. J theor Biol 223: 433-450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(03)00120-6 PDF
  214. Michor F, SA Frank, RM May, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak (2003). Somatic selection for and against cancer. J theor Biol 225: 377-382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(03)00267-4 PDF
  215. Michor F, Y Iwasa, NL Komarova, MA Nowak (2003). Local regulation of homeostasis favors chromosomal instability. Curr Biol 13: 581-584. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00172-6 PDF
  216. Michor F, MA Nowak, SA Frank, Y Iwasa (2003). Stochastic elimination of cancer cells. Proc R Soc B 270: 2017-2024. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2003.2483 PDF
  217. Mitchener G, MA Nowak (2003). Competitive exclusion and coexistence of universal grammars. B Math Biol 65: 67-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/bulm.2002.0322 PDF
  218. Nowak MA, F Michor, Y Iwasa (2003). The linear process of somatic evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 100: 14966-14969. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2535419100 PDF
  219. Rajagopalan H, MA Nowak, B Vogelstein, C Lengauer (2003). The significance of unstable chromosomes in colorectal cancer. Nat Rev Cancer 3: 695-701. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrc1165 PDF
  220. Sasaki A, MA Nowak (2003). Mutation landscapes. J theor Biol 224: 241-247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5193(03)00161-9 PDF
  221. Wei X, JM Decker, S Wang, H Hui, JC Kappes, W Xiaoyun, JF Salazar, MG Salazar, JM Kilby, MS Saag, NL Komarova, MA Nowak, BH Hahn, PD Kwong, GM Shaw (2003). Antibody neutralization and escape by HIV-1. Nature 422: 307-312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature01470 PDF
  222. 2004

  223. Frank SA, MA Nowak(2004). Problems of somatic mutation and cancer. Bioessays 26 (3): 291-299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bies.20000 PDF
  224. Iwasa Y, F Michor, MA Nowak (2004). Evolutionary dynamics of invasion and escape. J theor Biol 226 (2): 205-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2003.08.014 PDF
  225. Iwasa Y, F Michor, MA Nowak (2004). Some basic properties of immune selection. J theor Biol 229 (2): 179-188. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.03.013 PDF.
  226. Iwasa Y, F Michor, MA Nowak (2004). Stochastic tunnels in evolutionary dynamics. Genetics 166 (3): 1571-1579. http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.166.3.1571 PDF
  227. Jones NA, X Wei, DR Flower, ML Wong, F Michor, MS Saag, BH Hahn, MA Nowak, GM Shaw, P Borrow (2004). Determinants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 escape from the primary CD8+ cytotoxic Y lymphocyte response. J Exp Med 200 (10): 1243-1256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1084/jem.20040511 PDF
  228. Matsen E, MA Nowak (2004). Win-stay, lose-shift in language learning from peers. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101 (52): 18053-18057. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0406608102 PDF
  229. Michor F, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak (2004). Dynamics of cancer progression. Nat Rev Cancer 4 (3): 197-205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrc1295 PDF
  230. Michor F, Y Iwasa, H Rajagopalan, C Lengauer, MA Nowak (2004). Linear model of colon cancer initiation. Cell Cycle 3 (3): 358-362. http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/cc.3.3.690 PDF
  231. Mitchener WG, MA Nowak (2004). Chaos and language. Proc R Soc B 271 (1540): 701-704. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2003.2643 PDF
  232. Nowak MA (2004). Prisoners of the dilemma. Nature 427 (6974): 491. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/427491a PDF
  233. Nowak MA (2004). Theory is available light. Curr Biol 14 (11): R406-R407. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2004.05.027 PDF
  234. Nowak MA, F Michor, NL Komarova, Y Iwasa (2004). Evolutionary dynamics of tumor suppressor gene inactivation. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 101 (29): 10635-10638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0400747101 PDF
  235. Nowak MA, A Sasaki, C Taylor, D Fudenberg (2004). Emergence of cooperation and evolutionary stability in finite populations. Nature 428 (6983): 646-650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature02414 PDF
  236. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2004). Evolutionary dynamics of biological games. Science 303 (5659): 793-799. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1093411 PDF
  237. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2004). Population dynamics in evolutionary ecology. In Life Sciences for the 21st Century, eds. E Keinan, I Schechter, M Sela. Weinham: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.
  238. Taylor C, D Fudenberg, A Sasaki, MA Nowak (2004). Evolutionary game dynamics in finite populations. B Math Biol 66 (6): 1621-1644. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulm.2004.03.004 PDF
  239. 2005

  240. Imhof LA, D Fudenberg, MA Nowak (2005). Evolutionary cycles of cooperation and defection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 102 (31): 10797-10800. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0502589102 PDF
  241. Iwasa Y, F Michor, NL Komarova, MA Nowak (2005). Population genetics of tumor suppressor genes. J theor Biol 233 (1): 15-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.09.001 PDF
  242. Iwasa Y, F Michor, MA Nowak (2005). Virus evolution within patients increases pathogenicity. J theor Biol 232 (1): 17-26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2004.07.016 PDF
  243. Lieberman E, C Hauert, MA Nowak (2005). Evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Nature 433 (7023): 312-316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature03204 PDF
  244. Michor F, TP Hughes, Y Iwasa, S Branford, NP Shah, CL Sawyers, MA Nowak (2005). Dynamics of chronic myeloid leukaemia. Nature 435 (7046): 1267-1270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature03669 PDF
  245. Michor F, Y Iwasa, C Lengauer, MA Nowak (2005). Dynamics of colorectal cancer. Semin Cancer Biol 15 (6): 484-493. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semcancer.2005.06.005 PDF
  246. Michor F, Y Iwasa, B Vogelstein, C Lengauer, MA Nowak (2005). Can chromosomal instability initiate tumorigenesis? Semin Cancer Biol 15 (1): 43-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.semcancer.2004.09.007 PDF
  247. Nowak MA, NL Komarova (2005). The evolution of altruism: From game theory to human language. In Spiritual Information, ed. CL Harper Jr. Templeton Foundation Press, 308-314.
  248. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2005). Evolution of indirect reciprocity. Nature 437 (7063): 1291-1298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04131 PDF
  249. Traulsen A, A Sengupta, MA Nowak (2005). Stochastic evolutionary dynamics on two levels. J theor Biol 235 (3): 393-401. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.01.019 PDF
  250. Willensdorfer M, MA Nowak (2005). Mutation in evolutionary games can increase average fitness at equilibrium. J theor Biol 237 (4): 355-362. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.04.020 PDF
  251. 2006

  252. Bürger R, M Willensdorfer, MA Nowak (2006). Why are phenotypic mutation rates much higher than genotypic mutation rates? Genetics 172 (1): 197-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.105.046599 PDF
  253. Dingli D, MA Nowak (2006). Cancer biology: Infectious tumour cells. Nature 443 (7107): 35-36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/443035a PDF
  254. Fudenberg D, MA Nowak, C Taylor, LA Imhof (2006). Evolutionary game dynamics in finite populations with strong selection and weak mutation. Theor Popul Biol 70 (3): 352-363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2006.07.006 PDF
  255. Hauert C, F Michor, MA Nowak, M Doebeli (2006). Synergy and discounting of cooperation in social dilemmas. J theor Biol 239 (2): 195-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.08.040 PDF
  256. Imhof LA, MA Nowak (2006). Evolutionary game dynamics in a Wright-Fisher process. J Math Biol 52 (5): 667-681. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00285-005-0369-8 PDF
  257. Iwasa Y, MA Nowak, F Michor (2006). Evolution of resistance during clonal expansion. Genetics 172 (4): 2557-2566. http://dx.doi.org/10.1534/genetics.105.049791 PDF
  258. Michor F, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak (2006). The age incidence of chronic myeloid leukemia can be explained by a one-mutation model. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103 (40): 14931-14934. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0607006103 PDF
  259. Michor F, MA Nowak, Y Iwasa (2006). Evolution of resistance to cancer therapy. Curr Pharm Design 12 (3): 261-271. http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/138161206775201956 PDF
  260. Michor F, MA Nowak, Y Iwasa (2006). Stochastic dynamics of metastasis formation. J theor Biol 240 (4): 521-530. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.10.021 PDF
  261. Nowak, MA (2006). Evolutionary Dynamics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN: 9780674023383.
  262. Nowak MA (2006). Five rules for the evolution of cooperation. Science 314 (5805): 1560-1563. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1133755 PDF
  263. Nowak MA, F Michor, Y Iwasa (2006). Genetic instability and clonal expansion. J theor Biol 241 (1): 26-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2005.11.012 PDF
  264. Ohtsuki H, C Hauert, E Lieberman, MA Nowak (2006). A simple rule for the evolution of cooperation on graphs and social networks. Nature 441 (7092): 502-505. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04605 PDF
  265. Ohtsuki H, MA Nowak (2006). Evolutionary games on cycles. Proc R Soc B 273 (1598): 2249-2256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.3576 PDF
  266. Ohtsuki H, MA Nowak (2006). The replicator equation on graphs. J theor Biol 243 (1): 86-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.06.004 PDF
  267. Pacheco JM, A Traulsen, MA Nowak (2006). Active linking in evolutionary games. J theor Biol 243 (3): 437-443. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.06.027 PDF
  268. Pacheco JM, A Traulsen, MA Nowak (2006). Coevolution of strategy and structure in complex networks with dynamical linking. Phys Rev Lett 97 (25): 258103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.97.258103 PDF
  269. Pfeiffer T, MA Nowak (2006). Climate change: All in the game. Nature 441 (7093): 583-584. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/441583a PDF
  270. Pfeiffer T, MA Nowak (2006). Digital cows grazing on digital grounds. Curr Biol 16 (22): R946-R949. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2006.10.011 PDF
  271. Taylor C, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak (2006). A symmetry of fixation times in evolutionary dynamics. J theor Biol 243 (2): 245-251. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.06.016 PDF
  272. Taylor C, MA Nowak (2006). Evolutionary game dynamics with non-uniform interaction rates. Theor Popul Biol 69 (3): 243-252. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2005.06.009 PDF
  273. Traulsen A, MA Nowak (2006). Evolution of cooperation by multilevel selection. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103 (29): 10952-10955. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0602530103 PDF
  274. Traulsen A, MA Nowak, JM Pacheco (2006). Stochastic dynamics of invasion and fixation. Phys Rev E 74 (1): 011909. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.74.011909 PDF
  275. 2007

  276. Beerenwinkel N, T Antal, D Dingli, A Traulsen, KW Kinzler, VE Velculescu, B Vogelstein, MA Nowak (2007). Genetic progression and the waiting time to cancer. PLoS Comput Biol 3 (11): e225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030225 PDF
  277. Hauert C, A Traulsen, H Brandt, MA Nowak, K Sigmund (2007). Via freedom to coercion: The emergence of costly punishment. Science 316 (5833): 1905-1907. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1141588 PDF
  278. Imhof LA, D Fudenberg, MA Nowak (2007). Tit-for-tat or win-stay, lose-shift? J theor Biol 247 (3): 574-580. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.03.027 PDF
  279. Iwasa Y, F Michor, MA Nowak (2007). Directional evolution of virus within a host under immune selection. In Mathematics for Life Science and Medicine, eds.Y Takeuchi, Y Iwasa, K Sato. Springer: New York. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-34426-1_7
  280. Lieberman E, JB Michel, J Jackson, T Tang, MA Nowak (2007). Quantifying the evolutionary dynamics of language. Nature 449 (7163): 713-716. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature06137 PDF
  281. Nowak MA, S Roch (2007). Upstream reciprocity and the evolution of gratitude. Proc R Soc B 274 (1610): 605-609. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.0125 PDF
  282. Nowak MA, K Sigmund (2007). How populations cohere: Five rules for cooperation. In Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications, eds. RM May, A McLean. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 7-16. PDF
  283. Ohtsuki H, P Bordalo, MA Nowak (2007). The one third law of evolutionary dynamics. J theor Biol 249 (2): 289-295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.07.005 PDF
  284. Ohtsuki H, MA Nowak (2007). Direct reciprocity on graphs. J theor Biol 247 (3): 462-470. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.03.018 PDF
  285. Ohtsuki H, MA Nowak, JM Pacheco (2007). Breaking the symmetry between interaction and replacement in evolutionary dynamics on graphs. Phys Rev Lett 98 (10): 108106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.108106 PDF
  286. Ohtsuki H, JM Pacheco, MA Nowak (2007). Evolutionary graph theory: Breaking the symmetry between interaction and replacement. J theor Biol 246 (4): 681-694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.01.024 PDF
  287. Taylor C, MA Nowak (2007). Transforming the dilemma. Evolution 61 (10): 2281-2292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2007.00196.x PDF
  288. Traulsen A, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak (2007). The fastest evolutionary trajectory. J theor Biol 249 (3): 617-623. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.08.012 PDF
  289. Traulsen A, MA Nowak (2007). Chromodynamics of cooperation in finite populations. PLoS ONE 2 (3): e270. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0000270 PDF
  290. Traulsen A, MA Nowak, JM Pacheco (2007). Stochastic payoff evaluation increases the temperature of selection. J theor Biol 244 (2): 349-356. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2006.08.008 PDF
  291. Traulsen A, JM Pacheco, MA Nowak (2007). Pairwise comparison and selection temperature in evolutionary game dynamics. J theor Biol 246 (3): 522-529. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.01.002 PDF
  292. Willensdorfer M, R Bürger, MA Nowak (2007). Phenotypic mutation rates and the abundance of abnormal proteins in yeast. PLoS Comput Biol 3 (11): e203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030203 PDF
  293. 2008

  294. Dingli D, MA Nowak (2008). Evolutionary dynamics of cancer. Book review of Dynamics of Cancer: Incidence, Inheritance, and Evolution, SA Frank. Trends Ecol Evol 23 (5): 254-255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2007.12.007 PDF
  295. Dreber A, MA Nowak (2008). Gambling for global goods. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105 (7): 2261-2262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0800033105 PDF
  296. Dreber A, DG Rand, D Fudenberg, MA Nowak (2008). Winners don't punish. Nature 452 (7185): 348-351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature06723 PDF
  297. Fu F, C Hauert, MA Nowak, L Wang (2008). Reputation-based partner choice promotes cooperation in social networks. Phys Rev E 78 (2): 026117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.78.026117 PDF appears in Vir J Bio Phys Res 16 (5).
  298. Hauert C, A Traulsen, H Brandt, MA Nowak, K Sigmund (2008). Public goods with punishment and abstaining in finite and infinite populations. Biological Theory 3 (2): 114–122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/biot.2008.3.2.114 PDF
  299. Jones S, W Chen, G Parmigiani, F Diehl, N Beerenwinkel, T Antal, A Traulsen, MA Nowak, C Siegel, VE Velculescu, KW Kinzler, B Vogelstein, J Willis, SD Markowitz (2008). Comparative lesion sequencing provides insights into tumor evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105 (11): 4283-4288. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0712345105 PDF
  300. Langer P, MA Nowak, C Hauert (2008). Spatial invasion of cooperation. J theor Biol 250 (4): 634-641. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.11.002 PDF
  301. Nowak MA (2008). Generosity: A winner's advice. Nature 456 (7222): 579. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/456579a PDF
  302. Nowak MA, H Ohtsuki (2008). Prevolutionary dynamics and the origin of evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105 (39): 14924-14927. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0806714105 PDF
  303. Ohtsuki H, MA Nowak (2008). Evolutionary stability on graphs. J theor Biol 251 (4): 698-707. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.01.005 PDF
  304. Pacheco JM, A Traulsen, H Ohtsuki, MA Nowak (2008). Repeated games and direct reciprocity under active linking. J theor Biol 250 (4): 723-731. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.10.040 PDF
  305. Pinker S, MA Nowak, JJ Lee (2008). The logic of indirect speech. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105 (3): 833-838. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0707192105 PDF
  306. Traulsen A, N Shoresh, MA Nowak (2008). Analytical results for individual and group selection of any intensity. B Math Biol 70 (5): 1410-1424. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11538-008-9305-6 PDF
  307. 2009

  308. Antal T, MA Nowak, A Traulsen (2009). Strategy abundance in 2x2 games for arbitrary mutation rates. J theor Biol 257 (2): 340-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.11.023 PDF
  309. Antal T, H Ohtsuki, J Wakeley, PD Taylor, MA Nowak (2009). Evolution of cooperation by phenotypic similarity. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106 (21): 8597-8600. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0902528106 PDF
  310. Antal T, A Traulsen, H Ohtsuki, CE Tarnita, MA Nowak (2009). Mutation–selection equilibrium in games with multiple strategies. J theor Biol 258 (4): 614-622. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.02.010 PDF
  311. Fu F, L Wang, MA Nowak, C Hauert (2009). Evolutionary dynamics on graphs: Efficient method for weak selection. Phys Rev E 79 (4): 046707. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.79.046707 PDF
  312. Gokhale CS, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak, A Traulsen (2009). The pace of evolution across fitness valleys. J theor Biol 259 (3): 613-620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.04.011 PDF
  313. Manapat M, H Ohtsuki, R Bürger, MA Nowak (2009). Originator dynamics. J theor Biol 256 (4): 586–595. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.10.006 PDF
  314. Nathanson CG, CE Tarnita, MA Nowak (2009). Calculating evolutionary dynamics in structured populations. PLoS Comput Biol 5 (12): e1000615. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000615 PDF
    Nathanson CG, Tarnita CE, Nowak MA, (2010) Correction: Calculating Evolutionary Dynamics in Structured Populations. PLoS Comput Biol 6 (1): http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/annotation/064a9048-e6f7-4cf8-b259-f40cfb6696ba
  315. Ohtsuki H, Y Iwasa, MA Nowak (2009). Indirect reciprocity provides only a narrow margin of efficiency for costly punishment. Nature 457 (7225): 79-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature07601 PDF
  316. Ohtsuki H, MA Nowak (2009). Prelife catalysts and replicators. Proc R Soc B 276 (1674): 3783-3790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2009.1136 PDF
  317. Rand DG, A Dreber, T Ellingsen, D Fudenberg, MA Nowak (2009). Positive interactions promote public cooperation. Science 325 (5945): 1272-1275. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1177418 PDF
  318. Rand DG, MA Nowak (2009). Name and shame. New Scientist 204 (2734): 28–29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0262-4079(09)62991-2 PDF
  319. Rand DG, H Ohtsuki, MA Nowak (2009). Direct reciprocity with costly punishment: Generous tit-for-tat prevails. J theor Biol 256 (1): 45-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.09.015 PDF
  320. Tarnita CE, T Antal, MA Nowak (2009). Mutation-selection equilibrium in games with mixed strategies. J theor Biol 261 (1): 50-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.07.028 PDF
  321. Tarnita CE, T Antal, H Ohtsuki, MA Nowak (2009). Evolutionary dynamics in set structured populations. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106 (21): 8601-8604. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0903019106 PDF
  322. Tarnita CE, H Ohtsuki,T Antal, F Fu, MA Nowak (2009). Strategy selection in structured populations. J theor Biol 259 (3): 570-581. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.03.035 PDF
  323. Taylor C, MA Nowak (2009). How to evolve cooperation. pages 41-56. In Games, Groups, and the Global Good, ed. S Levin. New York: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-85436-4_2
  324. Traulsen A, C Hauert, H Brandt De Silva, MA Nowak, K Sigmund (2009). Exploration dynamics in evolutionary games. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106 (3): 709-712. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0808450106 PDF
  325. Wakano JY, MA Nowak, C Hauert (2009). Spatial dynamics of ecological public goods. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 106 (19): 7910-7914. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0812644106 PDF
  326. 2010

  327. Bozic I, T Antal, H Ohtsuki, H Carter, D Kim, S Chen, R Karchin, KW Kinzler, B Vogelstein, MA Nowak (2010). Accumulation of driver and passenger mutations during tumor progression. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107 (43): 18545–18550. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1010978107 PDF
  328. Fu F, MA Nowak, C Hauert (2010). Invasion and expansion of cooperators in lattice populations: Prisoner's dilemma vs. Snowdrift games. J theor Biol 266 (3): 358–366. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2010.06.042 PDF
  329. Hill AL, DG Rand, MA Nowak, NA Christakis (2010). Emotions as infectious diseases in a large social network: the SISa model. Proc R Soc B 277 (1701): 3827-3835. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.1217 PDF
  330. Hill AL, DG Rand, MA Nowak, NA Christakis (2010). Infectious disease modeling of social contagion in networks. PLoS Comput Biol 6 (11): e1000968. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000968 PDF
  331. Imhof LA, MA Nowak (2010). Stochastic evolutionary dynamics of direct reciprocity. Proc R Soc B 277 (1680): 463-468. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2009.1171 PDF
  332. Manapat ML, IA Chen, MA Nowak (2010). The basic reproductive ratio of life. J theor Biol 263 (3): 317-327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.12.020 PDF
  333. Nowak MA, CE Tarnita, T Antal (2010). Evolutionary dynamics in structured populations. Phil Trans R Soc B 365 (1537): 19-30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0215 PDF
  334. Nowak MA, CE Tarnita, EO Wilson (2010). The evolution of eusociality. Nature 466 (7310): 1057-1062. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature09205 PDF
  335. Ojosnegros S, N Beerenwinkel, T Antal, MA Nowak, C Escarmis, E Domingo (2010). Competition-colonization dynamics in an RNA virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107 (5): 2108-2112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0909787107 PDF
  336. Rajamani S, JK Ichida, T Antal, DA Treco, K Leu, MA Nowak, JW Szostak, IA Chen (2010). Effect of stalling after mismatches on the error catastrophe in nonenzymatic nucleic acid replication. J Am Chem Soc 132 (16): 5880–5885. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja100780p  PDF
  337. Yachida S, S Jones, I Bozic, T Antal, R Leary, B Fu, M Kamiyama, RH Hruban, JR Eshleman, MA Nowak, VE Velculescu, KW Kinzler, B Vogelstein, CA Iacobuzio-Donahue (2010). Distant metastasis occurs late during the genetic evolution of pancreatic cancer. Nature 467 (7319): 1114–1117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature09515 PDF
  338. 2011

  339. Beale N, DG Rand, H Battey, K Croxson, RM May, MA Nowak (2011). Individual versus systemic risk and the Regulator's Dilemma. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108 (31): 12647-12652. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1105882108 PDF
  340. Fu F, DI Rosenbloom, L Wang, MA Nowak (2011). Imitation dynamics of vaccination behaviour on social networks. Proc R Soc B 278 (1702): 42-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.1107 PDF
  341. Michel JB, YK Shen, A Presser Aiden, A Veres, MK Gray, The Google Books Team, JP Pickett, D Hoiberg, D Clancy, P Norvig, J Orwant, S Pinker, MA Nowak, E Lieberman Aiden (2011). Quantitative analysis of culture using millions of digitized books. Science 331 (6014): 176-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1199644 PDF
  342. Nowak MA, Highfield R (2011). SuperCooperators: Why We Need Each Other to Succeed. Simon & Schuster. ISBN: 9781451626636.
  343. Nowak MA, CE Tarnita, EO Wilson (2011). Nowak et al. reply. Nature 471 (7339): E9-E10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature09836 PDF
  344. Rand DG, MA Nowak (2011). The evolution of antisocial punishment in optional public goods games. Nat Commun 2: 434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1442 PDF
  345. Tarnita CE, N Wage, MA Nowak (2011). Multiple strategies in structured populations. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 108 (6): 2334-2337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1016008108 PDF
  346. van Veelen M, MA Nowak (2011). Evolution: Selection for positive illusions. Nature 477 (7364): 282-283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/477282a PDF     Spektrum der Wissenschaft     German
  347. 2012

  348. Allen B, MA Nowak (2012). Evolutionary shift dynamics on a cycle. J theor Biol 311: 28-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.07.006 PDF
  349. Allen B, A Traulsen, CE Tarnita, MA Nowak (2012). How mutation affects evolutionary games on graphs. J theor Biol 299: 97-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.03.034 PDF
  350. Bozic I, B Allen, MA Nowak (2012). Dynamics of targeted cancer therapy. Trends Mol Med 18 (6): 311-316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molmed.2012.04.006 PDF
  351. Cavaliere M, S Sedwards, CE Tarnita, MA Nowak, A Csikász-Nagy (2012). Prosperity is associated with instability in dynamical networks. J theor Biol 299: 126-138. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.09.005 PDF
  352. Chatterjee K, JG Reiter, MA Nowak (2012). Evolutionary dynamics of biological auctions. Theor Popul Biol 81 (1): 69-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tpb.2011.11.003 PDF
  353. Chatterjee K, D Zufferey, MA Nowak (2012). Evolutionary game dynamics in populations with different learners. J theor Biol 301: 161-173. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.02.021 PDF
  354. Chen I, MA Nowak (2012). From prelife to life: how chemical kinetics become evolutionary dynamics. Acc Chem Res 45 (12): 2088-2096. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ar2002683 PDF
  355. Derr J, ML Manapat, S Rajamani, K Leu, R Xulvi-Brunet, I Joseph, MA Nowak, IA Chen (2012). Prebiotically plausible mechanisms increase compositional diversity of nucleic acid sequences. Nucl Acids Res 40 (10): 4711-4722. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/nar/gks065 PDF
  356. Diaz LA Jr., RT Williams, J Wu, I Kinde, JR Hecht, J Berlin, B Allen, I Bozic, JG Reiter, MA Nowak, KW Kinzler, KS Oliner, B Vogelstein (2012). The molecular evolution of acquired resistance to targeted EGFR blockade in colorectal cancers. Nature 486 (7404): 537-540. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11219 PDF
  357. Fu F, MA Nowak, NA Christakis, JH Fowler (2012). The evolution of homophily. Sci Rep 2: 845. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep00845 PDF
  358. Fu F, CE Tarnita, NA Christakis, L Wang, DG Rand, MA Nowak (2012). Evolution of in-group favoritism. Sci Rep 2: 460. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep00460 PDF
  359. Hill AL, DIS Rosenbloom, MA Nowak (2012). Evolutionary dynamics of HIV at multiple spatial and temporal scales. J Mol Med 90 (5): 543-561. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00109-012-0892-1 PDF
  360. Manapat ML, DG Rand, C Pawlowitsch, MA Nowak (2012). Stochastic evolutionary dynamics resolve the Traveler's Dilemma. J theor Biol 303: 119-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.03.014 PDF
  361. Nowak MA (2012). Evolving cooperation. J theor Biol 299: 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.01.014 PDF
  362. Nowak MA (2012). Why we help. Sci Am 307 (1): 34-39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0712-34 PDF
  363. Rand DG, JD Greene, MA Nowak (2012). Spontaneous giving and calculated greed. Nature 489 (7416): 427-430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11467 PDF
  364. Rand DG, MA Nowak (2012). Evolutionary dynamics in finite populations can explain the full range of cooperative behaviors observed in the centipede game. J theor Biol 300: 212-221. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.01.011 PDF
  365. Rosenbloom DIS, AL Hill, SA Rabi, RF Siliciano, MA Nowak (2012). Antiretroviral dynamics determines HIV evolution and predicts therapy outcome. Nature Medicine 18 (9): 1378-1385. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm.2892 PDF
  366. van Gestel J, MA Nowak, CE Tarnita (2012). The evolution of cell-to-cell communication in a sporulating bacterium. PLoS Comput Biol 8 (12): e1002818. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002818 PDF
  367. van Veelen M, J García, DG Rand, MA Nowak (2012). Direct reciprocity in structured populations. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 109 (25): 9929-9934. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1206694109 PDF
  368. van Veelen M, MA Nowak (2012). Multi-player games on the cycle. J theor Biol 292: 116-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2011.08.031 PDF
  369. 2013

  370. Allen B, J Gore, MA Nowak (2013). Spatial dilemmas of diffusible public goods. eLife 2: e01169. http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.01169
  371. Allen B, MA Nowak (2013). Cooperation and the fate of microbial societies. PLoS Biol 11 (4): e1001549. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001549 PDF
  372. Allen B, MA Nowak (2013). O Brave New World with Such Games. Science 341 (6148): 844-844. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1241750 PDF
  373. Allen B, MA Nowak, U Dieckmann (2013). Adaptive dynamics with interaction structure. Am Nat 181 (6): E139-E163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/67019
  374. Allen B, MA Nowak, EO Wilson (2013). Limitations of inclusive fitness. PNAS 110(50): 20135-20139. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1317588110 PDF
  375. Bianconi G, K Zhao, I Chen, MA Nowak (2013). Selection for replicases in protocells. PLoS Comput Biol 9 (5): e1003051. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003051 PDF
  376. Bozic I, MA Nowak (2013). Unwanted Evolution. Science 342 (6161): 938-939. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1247887 PDF
  377. Bozic I, JG Reiter, B Allen, T Antal, K Chatterjee, P Shah, YS Moon, A Yaqubie, N Kelly, DT Le, EJ Lipson, PB Chapman, LA Diaz Jr., B Vogelstein, MA Nowak (2013). Evolutionary dynamics of cancer in response to targeted combination therapy. eLife 2: e00747. http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.00747 PDF
  378. Coakley S, MA Nowak, eds (2013). Evolution, Games, and God: The Principle of Cooperation. Harvard University Press. ISBN: 9780674047976.
  379. Fu F, MA Nowak (2013). Global migration can lead to stronger spatial selection than local migration. J Stat Phys 151 (3-4): 637-653. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10955-012-0631-6 PDF
  380. Hilbe C, MA Nowak, K Sigmund (2013). Evolution of extortion in iterated Prisoner's Dilemma games. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110 (17): 6913–6918. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1214834110 PDF
  381. Hilbe C, MA Nowak, A Traulsen (2013). Adaptive dynamics of extortion and compliance. PLoS One 8 (11): e77886. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0077886 PDF
  382. Manapat ML, MA Nowak, DG Rand (2013). Information, irrationality, and the evolution of trust. J Econ Behav Organ 90 (Suppl): S57–S75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2012.10.018 PDF
  383. Novak S, K Chatterjee, MA Nowak (2013). Density games. J theor Biol 334: 26-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2013.05.029 PDF
  384. Randles AP, DG Rand, C Lee, G Morrisett, J Sircar, MA Nowak, H Pfister (2013). Massively parallel model of extended memory use in evolutionary game dynamics. IPDPS: 1217-1228. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IPDPS.2013.102 PDF
  385. Rand DG, JD Greene, MA Nowak (2013). Rand et al. reply. Nature 498 (7452): E2-E3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12195 PDF
  386. Rand DG, MA Nowak (2013). Human cooperation. Trends Cogn Sci 17 (8): 413-425. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2013.06.003 PDF
  387. Rand DG, CE Tarnita, H Ohtsuki, MA Nowak (2013). Evolution of fairness in the one-shot anonymous Ultimatum Game. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110 (7): 2581-2586. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1214167110 PDF
  388. Reiter JG, I Bozic, B Allen, K Chatterjee, MA Nowak (2013). The effect of one additional driver mutation on tumor progression. Evol Appl 6 (1): 34-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eva.12020 PDF
  389. Reiter JG, I Bozic, K Chatterjee, MA Nowak (2013). TTP: Tool for Tumor Progression. Lect Notes Comput Sc 8044: 101-106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39799-8_6 PDF
  390. Suchow JW, B Allen, MA Nowak, GA Alvarez (2013). Evolutionary dynamics of visual memory. J Vis 13 (9): 20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/13.9.20
  391. Tarnita CE, CH Taubes, MA Nowak (2013). Evolutionary construction by staying together and coming together. J theor Biol 320: 10-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.11.022 PDF
  392. Yoeli E, M Hoffman, DG Rand, MA Nowak (2013). Powering up with indirect reciprocity in a large-scale field experiment. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110 (Suppl 2): 10424-10429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1301210110 PDF
  393. Zagorsky BM, JG Reiter, K Chatterjee, MA Nowak (2013). Forgiver triumphs in alternating Prisoner's Dilemma. PLoS 8 (12): e80814. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0080814 PDF
  394. 2014

  395. Allen B, MA Nowak (2014). Games on graphs. EMS Surv Math Sci 1(1): 115-151. http://dx.doi.org/10.4171/EMSS/3 PDF
  396. Chatterjee K, A Pavlogiannis, B Adlam, MA Nowak (2014). The time scale of evolutionary trajectories. PLoS Comput Biol 10(9): e1003818. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003818 PDF
  397. Ghang W, MA Nowak (2014). Stochastic evolution of staying together. J theor Biol 360: 129-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.06.026 PDF
  398. Hauser OP, MA Nowak, DG Rand (2014). Punishment does not promote cooperation under exploration dynamics when anti-social punishment is possible. J theor Biol 360: 163-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2298851 PDF
  399. Hauser OP, DG Rand, A Peysakhovich, MA Nowak (2014). Cooperating with the future. Nature 511: 220-223. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13530 PDF
  400. Hauser OP, A Traulsen, MA Nowak (2014). Heterogeneity in background fitness acts as a suppressor of selection. J theor Biol 343(21):178-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2013.10.013 PDF
  401. Hill A, MA Nowak (2014). Mind over matter. Trends Ecol Evol 29(2):74-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2013.10.004 PDF
  402. Hill A, DLS Rosenbloom, F Fu, MA Nowak, RF Siliciano. (2014). Predicting the outcomes of treatment to eradicate the latent reservoir for HIV-1. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111: 37:134756-13480. dx.doi/10.1073/pnas.1406663111 PDF
  403. Humplik J, AL Hill, MA Nowak (2014). Evolutionary dynamics of infectious diseases in finite populations. J theor Biol 360: 149-162 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.06.039 PDF
  404. Jeong H-C, S-Y Oh, B Allen, MA Nowak (2014). Optional games on cycles and complete graphs. J theor Biol 356(7): 98-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.04.025 PDF
  405. Kocher SD, L Pellissier, C Veller, J Purcell, MA Nowak, M Chapuisat, NE Pierce (2014). Transitions in social complexity along elevational gradients reveal a combined impact of season length and development time on social evolution. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 281 (1787): http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.0627 PDF
  406. Markvoort AJ, S Sinai, MA Nowak (2014). Computer simulations of cellular group selection reveal mechanism for sustaining cooperation. J theor Biol 357: 123-133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.04.029 PDF
  407. Olejarz JW, MA Nowak (2014). Evolution of staying together in the context of diffusible public goods. J theor Biol 360:1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.06.023 PDF
  408. Peysakhovich A, MA Nowak, DG Rand (2014). Humans display a 'cooperative phenotype' that is domain general and temporally stable. Nature Comm http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms5939 PDF
  409. Rand DG, A Dreber, OS Haque, RJ Kane, MA Nowak, S Coakley (2014). Religious motivations for cooperation: an experimental investigation using explicit primes. Religion Brain Behav 4 (1):31-48. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/2153599X.2013.77566 PDF
  410. Rand DG, A Peysakhovich, GT Kraft-Todd, GE Newman, O Wurzbacher, MA Nowak, JD Greene (2014). Social heuristics shape intuitive cooperation. Nature Comm 5: 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms4677 PDF
  411. Wilson EO, MA Nowak (2014). Natural selection drives the evolution of ant life cycles. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 111(35): 12585-12590. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1405550111 PDF
  412. Bozic I, MA Nowak (in press) Proc Natl Acad Sci. Timing and heterogeneity of mutations associated with drug-resistance in metastatic cancers.
  413. Adlam B, MA Nowak (in press). Universality of fixation probabilities in randomly structured populations. http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.2580
  414. Ghang W, MA Nowak. (in press) Indirect reciprocity with optional interactions. J theor Biol. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.09.036
  415. Hilbe C, Wu B, Traulsen A, Nowak MA. (in press) Cooperation and control in multiplayer social dilemmas. Proc Natl Acad Sci. http://www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1407887111 PDF
  416. Allen B, C Sample, YA Dementieva, RC Medeiros, C Paoletti, MA Nowak. (preprint) The molecular clock of neutral B, evolution can be accelerated or slowed by asymmetric spatial structure. http://arXiv:1409.5459v1 [q-bio.PE] PDF
  417. Antal T, PL Krapivsky, MA Nowak (preprint). Spatial evolution of tumors with successive driver mutations. http://arxiv.org/abs/1308.1564
  418. Ellingsen T, B Herrmann, MA Nowak, DG Rand, CE Tarnita (preprint). Civic capital in two cultures: The nature of cooperation in Romania and USA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2179575
  419. Fu F, S Kocher, MA Nowak (preprint). Risk management of solitary and eusocial reproduction. http://arxiv.org/abs/1407.0290
  420. Hilbe C, A Traulsen, B Wu, MA Nowak (preprint). Zero-determinant alliances in multiplayer social dilemmas. http://arxiv.org/abs/1404.2886
  421. Szabó G, KS Bodó, B Allen, MA Nowak (preprint). Fourier decomposition of payoff matrix for symmetric three-strategy games.

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